Fleas, ticks, mites, and other kind of lice are parasites that annoying and dangerous for pets and can transmit to human. The most common lice that are found on dogs are red ticks (Rhipicephalus Sanguineus Latreille). Lice can survive for several months without food.
The lice suck the blood of its host through the skin. Once these arthropod perch on pet skin, they can transmit a variety of serious illness in some pets like dogss, cats, and other mamals. The lice infestation make the dogs feel itchy and irritated.
Lice are usually perched on body areas that are sometimes difficult to reach, such as the face, ears, elbow, neck, abdomen, and in between fingers. Lice move quickly and hide under the fur so that make it is difficult to see. These parasits are also commonly found in warm but moist place, such as animal cages, chairs, beds, and carpets.
Lice life cycle consists of three stages: larva, nymph, and adult. Eggs, larvae and nymph are very small so that it is difficult to see. After the adult female lice suck the blood of from the host, they will release the suction and leave the host to find another dogs where she will attach their 5,000 eggs. The lice eggs are usually attached to the strands of dog’s fur, especially in the neck, abdomen, and hips.
Removal of lice should be done carefully. lest the lice head and mouth is still stuck under the dog’s skin because it would cause a large lump, swelling, and even cause infection. Use latex gloves and a special pet comb. If the lice is found, remove immediately with a tweezer. Slowly pick the lice with tweezer, and pull away from dog’s skin. Make sure the head of the lice also be pulled out.
After that, wash the area that had lice infestation with mild soap, or rubbing alcohol to prevent infection. Spray Hydrocortisone or liquid antibiotics to reduce irritation, and wash your hands.
Keep the Dogs Free from Louse
Give salmon oil and probiotics to increase body immunity so that the dogs has a good condition to fight the lice suction. Make sure the home environment is always clean, then spraying with a special disinfectant lice. Separate the dogs from lousy pets, and do the following steps:
1. Anti-lice shampoo
Shampoos should be applied twice when bathing and once in two weeks. For prevention purposes, use the shampoo once in a month. Anti-lice shampoo also suitable for puppies.
2. Drops and spray medicine
After cleaning the dogs with lice shampoo, we can applied this drop and spray liquid medicine. Choose a powerful drops that can also kill the lice eggs. This medicine is not recommended for use on pets under the age of 2 months. Dose applied is according to dog’s weight ratio.
3. Ivermectin injection
Ivermectin Injection is applied to eradicate worms and parasites such as lice (fleas, ticks and mites). Ivermectin injection shouldn’t be applied in pets that have aged less than 4 months because it can cause kidney toxicity.
4. Anti-flea powder
Should be used before the dog is sleeping. If there are remaining powder attached or fall in the bed, left alone, because it could as well as preventive measures to prevent the lice nesting in animal bedding. Repeat for several days continuously. Next, repeat every once a week, or even two weeks.